Utilities

 INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES

 A. TRANSPORTATION SECTOR

  1. Analysis of Existing Situation

The transportation service of the municipality is availed of by the residents through different modes. The municipality can be reached by means of land transport through the different road network and bridges, and through water transport facilities with the presence of ports and wharves.

The municipality is served with a total road network of 108.803 km which were classified and distributed into 62.273 km (60%) of national roads, 3.733 kms.  (3.43%) of municipal road and 42.797 kms (38.05%) of barangay road as shown in table 49. Table 49  further illustrates the inventory of roads as to its type of road surface and it is then broken down as follows: concrete paved is 46.957 kms, asphalt type is 13.34 kms,  28.028  km of gravel road and earth type of 20.48 kms representing 43.16%, 12.26%, 25.76% and 18.82% respectively of the total road length of the municipality.  This yields a low gross density which is still a long way from attaining the national standard. The main reason for this backlog is obviously the existence of a mountainous terrain & precisely of financial constraints of the municipality.

Table 49: Classification of Roads by Administration and Surface Type

The Municipality has 17 existing bridges 14 of which are being maintained by the National Government through the DPWH while the other 2 bridges are being maintained by both Municipal and Barangay Local Government Units.   The total length of national bridge is 560 Ln.m. 11 of which are RCDG and the other 3 are Steel Bridges while the local concrete bridges are 40 Ln.m.

Table 50.  Inventory of Bridges by Location, Type, Capacity and Condition, Year 2015

Bridge Name

 

Location (Baranagy)

Type

*Bridge Capacity                                                                 (Tons)

***Physical Condition

Hazard/Susceptibility

Abo-Abo Bridge

 

Brgy. Libas

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Libas Bridge

 

Brgy. Libas

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Sambulawan Bridge

 

Brgy. Libas

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Palarao Bridge

 

Brgy. Palarao

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Consuegra Bridge

 

Brgy. Consuegra

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Consuegra Bridge

 

Brgy. Consuegra

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Belen Bridge

 

Brgy. Belen

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Elizabeth Bridge

 

Brgy. Salog

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Calaguise Bridge

 

Brgy. Calaguise

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Palid I Bridge

 

Brgy. Palid I

Steel Bridge

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Tigbawan Bridge

 

Brgy. Tigbawan

Steel Bridge

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Toctoc Bridge

 

Brgy. Toctoc

Steel Bridge

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Manlumay Bridge

 

Brgy. Burabod

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Burabod Bridge

 

Brgy. Burabod

RCDG

15

Good

Not Susceptible

Libas Kalahi Bridge

 

Brgy. Libas

RCDG

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Parasan Kalahi Bridge

Brgy. Parasan

RCDG

5

Poor

Susceptible to soil erosion

             

Source: DPWH/MEO

The municipal street has a total length of 3.733 kms all are concrete paved which fortunately 100% are not susceptible to any identified hazard by the MGB. Table shows that 0.515 Km (13.80%) is overlaid with asphalt.

Table 51:      Inventory of Municipal Streets

Name of Roads

Length of Municipal Roads

 

Concrete (KM)

Asphalt (KM) Overlay

Gravel (KM)

Earth                    (KM)

Sub-Total (KM)

Width

Condition

Hazard/

Susceptibility

Burgos St.

 0.470

     

 0.470

6

Good

Not Susceptible

Granados St.

 0.383

     

 0.383

5

Good

Not Susceptible

V. Luna St.

0. 220

     

0. 22

4

Good

Not Susceptible

Amparo St.

 0.231

     

 0.231

4

Good

Not Susceptible

Gabaldon St.

0.162

     

0.162

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Liberation St.

0.306

     

0.306

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Washington St.

0.308

     

0.308

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Libertad St.

0.306

     

0.306

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Bonifacio St.

0.300

     

0.300

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Paz St.

0.350

     

0.350

6

Good

Not Susceptible

Rizal St.

0.182

     

0.182

5

Good

Not Susceptible

Mabini St.

 

0.515

   

 0.515

6

Good

Not Susceptible

T O T A L

3.218

0.515

 

 

3+733

 

 

 

Source:   MEO

Municipality of Leyte has a total length of 42.797 Km. which was classified as barangay road comprising the 39.33% of the municipal road within the municipality’s jurisdiction. As reflected in table 52, barangay road was classified into 3 road surface type. One of which is the concrete paved road with a total length of 10. 822 Km. (25.29%). Another is the gravel road with a length of 11.495 Km. (26.86%) and Earth fill road with a length of 20.48 Km. (47.85%).

It is observed that the largest part of the barangay road is the earth fill road wherein the main reason was precisely due to fund constraints of the LGU which hampers the latter to construct disaster resilient access roads. Far distance, poor and critical condition of access roads hinders the farmers to go into massive production of agricultural production thereby making them difficult to get out of poverty. Good condition access roads will allow farmers to easily connect to areas where they can easily market their products. This will likewise allow farmers and consumers to choose efficient means of transportation resulting to an efficient farming and trading system.

Table 52: Inventory of Barangay Roads, CY 2015

Road Name Road Surface Type Total Length RROW Condition Hazard/Susceptible
Concrete Gravel Earth
Bachao Brgy. Road 1.946     1.946 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Basud Brgy. Road 0.99     0.990 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Maanda Brgy. Road 1.43     1.430 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Culasi Brgy. Road 1.791     1.791 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Tinocdugan BRgy.Rd 0.215     0.215 4M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Kawayan Bgy. Rd. 0.200     0.200 4M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Baco Bgy. Road 0.100 0.500   0.600 4M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Danus Bgy. Road 1.100 1.100   2.200 4M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Poblacion -Rawis Brgy. Road 1.190 0.900   2.090 4M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Poblacion-Elizabeth Brgy. Road 0.660 0.100   0.760 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Salog-Malobago Brgy. Road     2.500 2.500 6M Closed/Unpassable Not Susceptible
Elizabeth -Calaguise Brgy. Road     3.900 3.900 6M Closed/Unpassable Not Susceptible
Calaguise Brgy. Road   0.740 1.000 1.740 6M Open to traffic, Unpassable when wet Not Susceptible
Libas Bgy. Road   2.275   2.275 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Tigbawan-Parasan Brgy. Road   2.000 2.900 4.900 6M Open to traffic Unpassable when wet Not Susceptible
Palid I- Palid II Brgy. Road 0.500   4.600 5.100 6M Unpassable  Not Susceptible
Tag-abaca-Mataloto     3.182 3.182 6M Unpassable  Not Susceptible
Bagabao-Mataloto     1.218 1.218 6M Unpassable  Not Susceptible
Manga Brgy. Road   0.100 0.180 0.280 4M Unpassable  Not Susceptible
Burabod Brgy. Road 0.100     0.100 4M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Toctoc-Paril Brgy. Road 0.600 0.780   1.380 6M Open to traffic Not Susceptible
Consuegra-Wague Brgy. Road   3.000 1.000 4.000 6M Open to traffic Unpassable when wet Not Susceptible
TOTAL 10.822 11.495 20.480 42.797      
Source: MEO              
               

Municipality of Leyte is serving the passengers through land with a land transport terminal within the Poblacion. It caters all type of vehicles to and from Naval, Biliran. The transport terminal is just about 50 meters far from the identified fault line by the PHILVOLCS. The transport terminal building has an area of 200 sq.m. small enough to cater vehicles passes through the area of the municipality.      

Table 53: Land Transportation Terminals By Location and Condition, Year 2015

Name

Barangay

Area Occupied (Hectares)

Type of Public Utility Using the Terminal

Terminal Facilities

Physical Condition

Hazard/Suscepti-bility

Aurora Arante Ysidoro Terminal Bldg.

Brgy. Poblacion

0.025

PUV, Van, Tricycle

Toilet  (for men and women)

Needs Improvement

50 m far from the identified fault line

             

Source: MPDO

         

B. POWER SECTOR

  1. Analysis of Existing Situation

Power service in the municipality is catered by the electric cooperative, the LEYECO III.  All the thirty barangays of the municipality are already energized.  However, not all households are serve by electric power in the thirty barangays, as reflected in table.  It is only in the Poblacion barangay where most or 96 percent of the total households are served with electric power service.

With the total households of 6889, only 47 percent are energized.

Other households especially in the mountain barangays are still using the traditional power supply- the kerosene lamps.

NAME OF BARANGAY

NO. of H/h year 2015

No. of H/h Energized

%          Energized

Bachao

 

205

 

126

 

61%

 

Baco

 

 

126

 

55

 

44%

 

Bagabao

 

143

 

9

 

6%

 

Basud

 

 

36

 

30

 

83%

 

Belen

 

 

280

 

159

 

57%

 

Burabod

 

145

 

91

 

63%

 

Calaguise

 

225

 

41

 

18%

 

Consuegra

 

623

 

221

 

35%

 

Culasi

 

 

160

 

116

 

73%

 

Danus

 

 

150

 

74

 

49%

 

Elizabeth

 

81

 

27

 

33%

 

Kawayan

 

210

 

141

 

67%

 

Libas

 

 

271

 

107

 

39%

 

Maanda

 

82

 

49

 

60%

 

Macupa

 

416

 

150

 

36%

 

Mataloto

 

119

 

16

 

13%

 

Palarao

 

425

 

217

 

51%

 

Palid I

 

 

334

 

68

 

20%

 

Palid II

 

 

180

 

11

 

6%

 

Parasan

 

117

 

27

 

23%

 

Poblacion

 

824

 

788

 

96%

 

Salog

 

 

208

 

60

 

29%

 

Sambulawan

 

172

 

159

 

92%

 

Tag-abaca

 

100

 

26

 

26%

 

Tapol

 

 

143

 

20

 

14%

 

Tigbawan

 

270

 

127

 

47%

 

Tinocdugan

 

114

 

88

 

77%

 

Toctoc

 

 

228

 

142

 

62%

 

Ugbon

 

 

167

 

34

 

20%

 

Wague

 

 

335

 

44

 

13%

 

TOTAL

   

6,889

 

3,223

 

47%

 

Source: LEYECO V, Ormoc City, 2015

     

 

C. WATER SECTOR

  1. Analysis of Existing Situation

The basic need for water includes drinking and personal hygiene. The amount of water to satisfy basic need depends on accessibility as determined by reliability or availability, distance and time (physical accessibility) and cost. Accessibility can be categorized into service levels.  It should be emphasized that service levels are not the general configuration of water supply facilities or systems, but have corresponding attributes, as discussed below, that fulfil general access to water.

  • Level I (Point Source)

This is the basic access to water consisting of only a developed source which could be spring, river intake structure or well to assure water for consumption (drinking) and hygiene (handwashing and basic food hygiene) with a minimum of 20 liters per capita per day (lpcd) – an amount considered for survival.  It is generally adaptable for rural areas where houses are scattered.  Service standard is 15 households for every source with a maximum fetching distance of 250m and time of 30 minutes.

  • Level II (Communal Faucet or Stand Posts System)

It is considered an intermediate water service with source of supply, transmission pipeline, reservoir, and limited distribution pipelines with communal faucets.  This service level provides water for consumption, hygiene, laundry and washing.  Each public faucet serves five to six households to get a minimum of 50 to 60lpcd at a maximum fetching distance of 25m and time of 30 minutes.  Generally, suitable for rural and urban fringe areas where houses are clustered to justify a simple piped system.

  • Level III (In-House Connections)

This is the optimal access to water supply.  It is referred to as waterworks that provides individual piped water connections to households, commercial establishments/industries and institutions.  The minimum amount of water supplied is 80 to 100Ipcd to meet all needs for consumption, hygiene, laundry and bathing.  It is suited for densely populated areas to be affordable.

The Municipality of Leyte is being served with Level III, II and I water system. However, two (2) barangays were being served with Level I type water system serving 275 households within the two barangays while there are still 198 households not being served by the water system. Table 54 shows that 41.86% of the total number of households within the 2 barangays has no access to safe and potable water. 

Table 55: Level I Water Supply System by Type and Number of Population Served, 2015

Barangay

Shallow Well

Deep Well

Number

HH Served

Number

HH Pop. Served

No.

%

No.

%

Palid II

3

 35

19.34%

 3

52

28.73%

Toctoc

6

 48

16.72%

9

140

48.78%

             
             
             

Source: MEO

         

Twenty seven barangays were served with the Level II type water system which was being maintained by respective barangays. The 27 water systems were serving 4,796 household within the 27 barangays while there are still 3,837 household populations not being served by the water system. Table 55 shows that 44.44% of the total number of households within the 2 barangays has no access to safe and potable water. However the 55.56% households which were considered with access to potable water  is not within the standard set by the National Government as to ratio of the number of tap stand to number of households. 

Table 56: Level 2 Water Supply System by Type and Number of Population Served, Year 2015

Location of Water Sources

Type of System

Number of Communal Faucets

Barangays Served

No. of HH Population Served

Brgy. Bachao

Gravity

27

Bachao

244

Brgy. Baco

Gravity

7

Baco

138

Brgy. Bagabao

Gravity

2

Bagabao

57

Brgy. Basud

Gravity

7

Basud

46

Brgy. Belen & Ugbon

Gravity

7

Belen

269

Brgy. Burabod

Gravity

5

Burabod

129

Brgy. Calaguise

Gravity

5

Calaguise

115

Brgy. Consuegra

Gravity

22

Consuegra

446

Brgy. Culasi

Gravity

7

Culasi

153

Brgy. Danus

Gravity

3

Danus

122

Brgy. Elizabeth

Gravity

2

Elizabeth

50

Brgy. Kawayan

Gravity

9

Kawayan

146

Brgy. Libas

Gravity

5

Libas

282

Brgy. Maanda

Gravity

4

Maanda

124

Brgy. Macupa

Gravity

4

Macupa

348

Brgy. Mataloto

Gravity

4

Mataloto

80

Brgy. Palarao

Gravity

10

Palarao

463

Brgy. Palid  I

Gravity

6

Palid  I

246

Brgy. Parasan

Gravity

7

Parasan

62

Brgy. Sambulawan

Gravity

14

Poblacion

245

Brgy. Salog

Gravity

2

Salog

150

Brgy. Sambulawan

Gravity

6

Sambulawan

189

Brgy. Tag-abaca

Gravity

5

Tag-abaca

58

Brgy. Tapol

Gravity

3

Tapol

74

Brgy. Tigbawan

Gravity

10

Tigbawan

158

Brgy. Tinocdugan

Gravity

13

Tinocdugan

125

Brgy. Ugbon

Gravity

29

Ugbon

179

Brgy. Wague

Gravity

3

Wague

98

Source:  MEO

       

Only one barangay which is the urban barangay, Barangay Poblacion is being served with Level III gravity fed type water system. The water source of which were come from the two barangays, barangay Danus and Sambulawan with a total yield of 7 lps which technically cannot fully serve the entire population of Barangay Poblacion. Currently, only 466 (38.04%) households were being served wherein 427 (34.86%) of which from the domestic sector, 30 (2.45%) connections representing the commercial connections and 9 (0.73%) of which from the institutional sector. The fees for the three types of consumers are relatively the same which was set to Php 40.00 for the first 10 cu.m. Table shows that the average water consumption is very minimal for the institutional sector and very high on the commercial sector.

 Table 57: Level 3 Local Waterworks System by Type and Number of Consumers and Average Water Consumption, Year 2015

 

Type of Consumer

Total

 

Domestic

Commercial

Industrial

Others

No. of Connections

427

30

 

9

466

Average Water Consumption

20 

30 

 

10 

60 

Barangays Served

       

1 (Poblacion)

Source: MEO (Waterworks)

 

D. COMMUNCATION SERVICES:

  1. Existing Situation :

Communication service in the municipality can be availed of by the residents through various forms.  As reflected in the table, there is still the Philippine Postal         Corporation rendering postal services.  It has its office in the Poblacion barangay.  Likewise, the municipality provides internet service; and telephone services are catered through globelines.

The common telecommunication service being utilized by the residents is the cell phones, being rendered by the three companies of Globe, Smart and Sun cellular, each with established cell sites within the municipality.

Table 58 . Communication Services Facilities, Year 2015

   
         

Type

Barangay

Service Provider

Ownership

Public

Private

Postal Services

Poblacion

Philippine Postal Corporation

X

 

Internet Providers

Poblacion

LGU

X

 

Telephone Service Provider

Poblacion

Globelines

 

X

Cell Sites Network

Poblacion

Globe, Smart, Sun

 

X

Source: NTC, Public/Private Companies,2015

     

 

Other communication facilities include the use of television wherein majority of the residents own; as well as through broadcast radios.

Newspapers can also be availed by the residents.