The Municipality of Leyte is located at the northernmost part of the Island of Leyte, facing the Island Province of Biliran. The urban center is strategically located at the base of the bay at 124.4867 Long and 11.3799 Latitude with a total land area of 23,830 hectares.
On the North, it is bounded by Biliran Strait, Carigara Bay and Calubian Town. The Southern part is bounded by the Municipalities of Kanangga and Villaba. The Municipality of Capoocan occupies the Eastern front and west is bounded by the Municipalities of Tabango and San Isidro.
The whole Municipality is fenced in by a “U” shaped mountain range of varied slopes ranging from 3% to 30%, the highest of which is 485 ft. above sea level. The middle part of the “U” composes the 33% plains, the mangroves swamps and the Leyte Bay. The bay is fed with fresh water from major rivers, the Naga River, Agahang River and Taverna River.
The Municipality belongs to a Type IV classification of climate compared to the rest of the Northern part of Leyte. It has no pronounced dry and wet season. Areas under Type IV receive a moderate dose of the northeast monsoon and trade winds as well as the southeast monsoon and cyclonic storms.
The general area gets an average dose of one typhoon a year. Heavy rains pours in from November to January and the dry spell falls on the month of February and April all the rest of the months are interspersed with rain showers and sunny days.
It has an average temperature of 26.50C and an average annual rainfall of 83.0 inches. Average monthly humidity register at 81%.
The Municipality has five (5) Soil Types, namely: The Guinbalaon Clay, Lugo Clay, Lugo Clay Loam, Luisiana Clay and the San Manuel Clay Loam.
Land Capability Classes
The mountain ranges which are partially covered by perennial trees, provides spring water to the communities in the lowlands. It is now also economically active; providing coconuts and bananas to farmers. The rolling hills accommodate all the soil needs of root crops, corn, pasture, vegetables and fruits.
The plains are devoted to sugar cane, coconut and rice production. The mangrove areas were developed into fishponds for the culture of bangus, shrimp, prawn and mud crab. What is left of this unabated destruction of mangroves swamps provides the communities with firewood and various shellfishes.
The Leyte Bay provides all kinds of edible fishes and crustaceans. Among the sea shells that abound in the area are the Barinday, which is commercially exported to other countries. Bahong are likewise cured and sold in other regions. Aguehis, which is shipped to fishpond operators in the country as prawn feed. While Punao, Tahong, Iwi, Masabay, Takin, Sarad, Lampirong, Tuway, Ugpan, Tudlon-datu, Talaba, Sisi are a few of the bivalves locally consumed and Bagungon, Piyong, Dalu-dalu, bungkawil and susu are some of the univalves that finds its place in the dining table of Leyteños.
Also in the export variety are shrimps, prawns, mud crabs and Bangus which are locally cultured and packed to other places.
Although it is evident that the mangrove swamp is host to almost all kinds of fishes found in the deep sea, Gusaw (Banak), Kugaw, Tingag (Lapu-lapu), Ubod and Ugbusan (eel) are the fishes that also breeds and grow in the bay.
The coast within the Carigara bay is now host to Bangus, Danggit and Squid Fish Cages. Goso is also being cultured in the area, in collaboration with the preservation of the corals in the Fish Sanctuary.
Sand and Gravel is the only prominent mineral resource that is being extracted at the Leyte-Lemon River under the watchful eye of the Provincial Government. The Provincial Government has also granted a permit to mine a mountain along Sitio Mangaribo, Barangay Baco.
The presence of big rivers, creeks and other surface run-off, also poses hazards to communities within its path. Typhoons and heavy rains always bring about flooding and landslides that are destructive both to life and properties.
The denudation of the forests and the unabated swamp area developments contributes to the siltation of the Leyte Bay, thereby lowering its capacity to accommodate floodwaters from the rivers. Evident of the massive siltation is the appearance of the sea-bed around the Leyte Port during low tide, when years before, light hulled ships were supposed to dock there at all times.
The whole town sits astride an identified fault line which is expected to cause movement in the Tierra firma, endangering the developments on its surface. The movement of the fault is manifested by cracks in the concrete road surface and earthquakes which shakes the community every now and then.